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引用 新概念英语第一册 lesson 141 - lesson 144   

2016-02-04 19:25:09|  分类: 幼儿知识 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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新概念英语第一册 lesson 141 - lesson 144 - d.s - D.S的个人主页

 


Lesson 141 Sally’s first train ride

  听录音,然后回答问题。Why was the mother embarrassed?
为什么母亲感到尴尬?

Last week, my four year old daughter, Sally, was invited to a children’s party. I decided1 to take her by train. Sally was very excited because she had never travelled on a train before. She sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw. Suddenly, a middle-aged2 lady got on the train and sat opposite Sally.
“Hello, little girl.” She said. Sally did not answer, but looked at her curiously3.
The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat. After the train had left the station, the lady opened her handbag and took out her powder compact4(粉盒). She then began to make up her face.
“Why are you doing that?” Sally asked.
“To make myself beautiful,” the lady answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly5.
“But you are still ugly.” Sally said. Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed!
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
excited
adj. 兴奋的
get on
登上
middle-aged
adj. 中年的
opposite
prep.在……对面
curiously
adv.好奇地
funny
adj. 可笑的,滑稽的
powder
n. 香粉
compact
n. 带镜的化妆盒
kindly
adv. 和蔼地
ugly
adj. 丑陋的
amused
adj. 有趣的
smile
v. 微笑
embarrassed
adj. 尴尬
参考译文
上周,我4岁的女儿萨莉被邀请去参加一个儿童聚会。我决定带她乘火车去。萨莉非常激动,因为她从未乘过火车。她靠车窗坐着,对她所看到的一切都要问个明白。突然,一个中年妇女上了火车,坐在萨莉的对面。“你好,小姑娘,”她说。萨莉没回答,却好奇地看着她。那位妇女穿着一件蓝色的大衣,戴着一顶大而滑稽的帽子。火车开出车站后,那位妇女打开了手提包,拿出了粉盒。然后她开始打扮起来。“你为什么要那样做呢?”萨莉问。“为了把自己打扮漂亮啊,”那位妇女答道。她放好了粉盒,慈祥地微笑着。“可是你仍然难看呀,”萨莉说。萨莉感到很有趣,而我却很尴尬。

 

  自学导读
1.my four-year-old daughter,我那4岁的女儿。
four-year-old 是名词 daughter的定语。各词用连字符连在一起,构成一个复合形容词。注意在这个复合词中仅用 year,而不用复数:
a thirteen-year-old girl 一个13岁的姑娘
2.… Sally was invited to a children's party. ……萨莉被邀请去参加一个儿童聚会。
这是一个被动语态的例子。在英文中,如果想避免用含混不清的词(如 someone等)作主语,常常可使用被动词态。(具体请参见本课语法部分。)被动语态由相应的be动词加上过去分词构成:
It is repaired regularly.
它定期修理。
They are corrected regularly.
它们得到了定期校正。
He was met at the station this morning.
今早有人在车站接他。
3.a middle-aged lady,一位中年女士。
middle-aged是一个复合形容词,由名词+过去分词构成。又如:
hand-made手工制作的
4.opposite Sally,在萨莉的对面。
这是介词短语,作状语,表示sat的具体情况。
5.take out,拿出。
6.make up her face,往她的脸上施脂粉。
make up意为“化妆”、“打扮”(指擦胭脂、抹粉)。
7.To make myself beautiful …
把自己打扮漂亮……
这是一个省略句,句首省略了I am doing that,而只留下这个作目的状语的动词不定式短语。
8.put away,收拾好,储存备用。


语法  Grammar in use
被动语态(1)
英语动词有主动语态和被动语态之分。在主动句中,动词的主语是执行动作的人或物。在被动句中,主语是动作的承受者。
在英语中被动词态用得很普遍,这样做可以避免用不明确的词作主语,或是将说话的重点放在事件而不是造成该事件的人或物上。
被动语态的构成: be +过去分词。
过去分词不一定指过去。请看例句:
(1)一般现在时形式: am/are/is +过去分词:
The room is aired regularly.
这个房间定期通风。
The knives are sharpened regularly.
刀定期磨。
(2)一般过去时形式: was/were +过去分词:
She was dressed in red.
她身穿红色衣服。
The windows were opened this morning.
窗户今早是开着的/被打开了。
(3)英语中表达感情的动词通常可用于被动式,这些动词如
amuse, embarrass, worry, surprise, interest, upset等:
She is embarrassed.
她感到尴尬。
They were worried.
他们感到担忧。


 词汇学习  Word study
1.embarrassed  adj.
(1)尴尬的;局促不安的:
He felt so embarrassed at that moment.
在那一刻,他感到如此尴尬。
The girl was very embarrassed to speak  in front of so many strangers.
在如此之多的陌生人面前讲话,那个女孩子很是局促不安。
(2)陷入困境的;拮据的:
He was financially embarrassed.
他经济上陷入了困境。
He says that he is embarrassed at the moment, but he will be able to pay you next month.
他说他目前手头紧,但下个月就可以付钱给你。
2.curiously  adv.
(1)好奇地:
The little boy watched curiously as his mum opened the box.
那个小男孩好奇地看着他妈妈打开盒子。
(2)过于好奇地:
She curiously opened the letter addressed to her husband.
她抑制不住好奇心,拆开了别人写给她丈夫的信。
3.kindly  adv.
(1)和蔼地;亲切地:
He treats the children kindly.
他待孩子们和蔼而仁慈。
The old man greeted us kindly.
那位老人亲切地招呼我们。
(2)请(=please,有时表示客气,有时表示不满等):
Will you kindly leave the room?
请你离开这房间好吗?
Kindly acknowledge6 this letter.
此信收到后请告知。
(3)乐意地;感谢地:
He never takes criticism kindly.
他从不乐于接受批评。

 


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 142
A
1  Sally is four years old.
2  Because Sally had never travelled on a train before.
3  She sat near the window.
4  A middle-aged lady got on the train.
5  The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat.
6 She opened her handbag and took out her powder compact.
Then she began to make up her face.
7  Because she wanted to make herself beautiful.
8  No, she  didn't.
B
1  Someone airs it regularly. It is aired regularly.
2  Someone cleans them regularly. They are cleaned regularly.
3  Someone empties it regularly. It is emptied regularly.
4  Someone sharpens it regularly. It is sharpened regularly.
5  Someone turns them on regularly. They are turned on regularly.
6  Someone waters them regularly. They are watered regularly.
7  Someone repairs it regularly. It is repaired regularly.
8  Someone dusts it regularly. It is dusted regularly.
9  Someone corrects them regularly. They are corrected regularly.
10  Someone shuts it regularly. It is shut regularly.
C
1  Someone watered them. They were watered this morning.
2  Someone repaired it. It was repaired this morning.
3  Someone dusted it. It was dusted this morning.
4  Someone corrected them. They were corrected this morning.
5  Someone shut it. It was shut this morning.
6  Someone bought them. They were bought this morning.
7  Someone swept it. It was swept this morning.
8  Someone took them to school. They were taken to school this morning.
9  Someone met them at the station. They were met at the station this morning.
10  Someone told them. They were told this morning.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  


1 decided lvqzZd    
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
2 middle-aged UopzSS    
adj.中年的
参考例句:
  • I noticed two middle-aged passengers.我注意到两个中年乘客。
  • The new skin balm was welcome by middle-aged women.这种新护肤香膏受到了中年妇女的欢迎。
3 curiously 3v0zIc    
adv.有求知欲地;好问地;奇特地
参考例句:
  • He looked curiously at the people.他好奇地看着那些人。
  • He took long stealthy strides. His hands were curiously cold.他迈着悄没声息的大步。他的双手出奇地冷。
4 compact cXeyh    
adj.紧密的,简明的,紧凑的;v.使紧凑,压缩
参考例句:
  • It was a compact package.这是个捆得很紧的包裹。
  • The article is compact and well organized.文章严密,又很有章法。
5 kindly tpUzhQ    
adj.和蔼的,温和的,爽快的;adv.温和地,亲切地
参考例句:
  • Her neighbours spoke of her as kindly and hospitable.她的邻居都说她和蔼可亲、热情好客。
  • A shadow passed over the kindly face of the old woman.一道阴影掠过老太太慈祥的面孔。
6 acknowledge rJDy9    
vt.承认...的权威,告知,收到,报偿
参考例句:
  • With so much evidence against him he had to acknowledge his error.在这么多的证据面前,他不得不承认错误。
  • It is ungracious of me not to acknowledge your help.你大力帮助而我尚未表示谢意,十分失礼。

Lesson 143 A walk through the woods 林中散步
听录音,然后回答问题。What was so funny about the words on the sign?
牌子上的字有什么可笑的地方?

I live in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods. It is a famous beauty spot. On Sundays, hundreds of people come from the city to see our town and to walk through the woods. Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy. Litter baskets have been placed under the trees, but people still throw their rubbish everywhere. Last Wednesday, I went for a walk in the woods. What I saw made me very sad. I counted seven old cars and three old refrigerators. The little baskets were empty and the ground was covered with pieces of paper, cigarette ends, old tyres2, empty bottles and rusty3 tins. Among the rubbish, I found a sign which said, 'Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted5!'
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
surround
v.   包围
wood
n.   树林
beauty spot
风景点
hundred
n.   百
city
n.   城市
through
prep.穿过
visitor
n.   参观者,游客,来访者
tidy
adj. 整齐的
litter
n.   杂乱的东西
litter basket
废物筐
place
v.   放
throw( threw; thrown)
v.   扔,抛
rubbish
n.   垃圾
count
v.   数,点
cover
v.   覆盖
piece
n.   碎片
tyre1
n.   轮胎
rusty
adj. 生锈的
among
prep.在……之间
prosecute4
v.   依法处置
参考译文
我住在一个由美丽的树林环绕的古老的小镇上。这是一个著名的风景胜地。每逢星期天,有许许多人从城里来观赏我们的小镇,并在树林中散步。游客已被告知要保持树林的整洁。树下都已设置了废物筐,但是人们仍到处扔垃圾。上星期三我到树林里去散步。我所见到的一切使我非常难过。我数了一下,有7辆旧汽车和3个旧冰箱。废物筐是空的,而满地都是纸片、烟头、旧轮胎,空瓶子和生锈的空罐头盒。在垃圾堆中我发现了一块牌子,上面写着:“凡在此树林里丢弃垃圾者,将依法处置"。
新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
1.is surrounded by,由……环绕着。
2.hundreds of people,数以百计的(游)人。
3.Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy.游客已被告知要保持树林的整洁。
句中 have been asked是被动语态的完成时结构。(详见本课语法部分。)to keep the woods clean and tidy是动词不定式短语,作主语visitors的补足语。clean and tidy 是宾语 the woods 的宾语补足语。
4.go for a walk,去散步。
5.What I saw made me very sad.我所见到的一切使我非常难过。
句中的主语What I saw 是 what 引导的名词性从句。


语法  Grammar in  use
被动语态(2)
上一次介绍了被动语态的一般现在时和一般过去时形式,这里介绍其现在完成时和一般将来时形式:
(1)现在完成时形式: has/have + been + 过去分词:
The basket has  already been emptied.
篮子已经被腾空了。
They have already been invited.
他们已被邀请。
(2)一般将来时形式: will/shall +be +过去分词:
The floor will be swept soon.
地不久就会扫的。
The knives will be sharpened6 soon.
刀不久就会磨的。


词汇学习  Word study
1.place  v.
(1)(小心地)放;放置:
He placed the record back to the shelf.
他把唱片放回到架子上。
Their request placed me in a difficult position.
他们的要求将我置于困境。
(2)任命;安置:
The company has placed him with a branch office in Tokyo.
公司任命他在东京的一家分支机构工作。
There is no better way to place the homeless children.
没有更好的办法来安置这些无家可归的孩子们。
2.prosecute  v.
(1)起诉,检举;依法处置:
Trespassers will be prosecuted.
闲人莫入,违者法办。
They prosecuted him for shoplifting.
他们起诉他扒窃商店货物。
(2)〈书面语〉彻底进行;执行:
We are going to prosecute the investigation7 further.
我们将进一步彻底进行调查。
3.surround  v.
包围;围绕:
The beautiful white house is surrounded by green trees.
那所漂亮的白房子被绿树环绕着。
That old professor loved to surround himself with young people.
那位老教授非常喜欢年轻人围在他左右。
When I went into the room, I saw Tim sitting on the floor surrounded by boxes.
当我走进房间时,我看到蒂姆正坐在地板上,他的周围到处都是盒子。


练习答案  Key to written  exercises
Lesson 144
A
1  The writer lives in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods.
2  Because it is a famous beauty spot.
3  Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy.
4  Litter baskets have been placed under the trees.
5  The writer went for a walk in the woods.
6  Yes, he saw a lot of rubbish.
7  He saw a sign among the rubbish.
8  The sign said, ‘Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted.
B
1  Someone has aired it. It has already been aired.
2  Someone has cleaned them. They have already been cleaned.
3  Someone has emptied it. It has already been emptied.
4  Someone has sharpened it. It has already been sharpened.
5  Someone has turned them on. They have already been turned on.
6  Someone has bought them. They have already been bought.
7  Someone has swept it. It has already been swept.
8  Someone has taken them to school. They have already been taken to school.
9  Someone has invited them. They have already been invited.
10  Someone has told them. They have already been told.
C
1  It hasn't been aired yeet. It will be aired tomorrow.
2  They haven't been cleaned yet. They will be cleaned tomorrow.
3  It hasn't been emptied yet. It will be emptied tomorrow.
4  It hasn't been sharpened yet. It will be sharpened tomorrow.
5  They haven't been turned on yet. They will be turned on tomorrow.
6  They haven't been watered yet. They will be watered tomorrow.
7  It hasn't been repaired yet. It will be repaired tomorrow.
8  It hasn't been dusted yet. It will be dusted tomorrow.
9  They haven't been corrected yet. They will be corrected tomorrow.
10  It hasn't been shut yet. It will be shut tomorrow.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 tyre cfIzi2    
n.轮胎;vt.装轮胎于
参考例句:
  • This is a waste and useless tyre.这是个废弃无用的轮胎。
  • The tyre is flat.车胎瘪了。
2 tyres 99588fb9d15641cf739b688ee5eda17c    
n.轮胎( tyre的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • acrid smoke from burning tyres 燃烧轮胎产生的刺鼻气味
  • Overinflated tyres burst more easily. 充气过量的轮胎更容易爆裂。
3 rusty hYlxq    
adj.生锈的;锈色的;荒废了的
参考例句:
  • The lock on the door is rusty and won't open.门上的锁锈住了。
  • I haven't practiced my French for months and it's getting rusty.几个月不用,我的法语又荒疏了。
4 prosecute d0Mzn    
vt.告发;进行;vi.告发,起诉,作检察官
参考例句:
  • I am trying my best to prosecute my duties.我正在尽力履行我的职责。
  • Is there enough evidence to prosecute?有没有起诉的足够证据?
5 prosecuted Wk5zqY    
a.被起诉的
参考例句:
  • The editors are being prosecuted for obscenity. 编辑因刊载污秽文字而被起诉。
  • The company was prosecuted for breaching the Health and Safety Act. 这家公司被控违反《卫生安全条例》。
6 sharpened f0f9eb2258071743020ca4c911dac06f    
adj. 尖锐的
参考例句:
  • Knives can be sharpened by grinding them against a rough stone. 刀能在一块粗石上磨快。
  • A knife is sharpened on the grindstone;steel is tempered in fire. 刀在石上磨,钢在火中炼。
7 investigation MRKzq    
n.调查,调查研究
参考例句:
  • In an investigation,a new fact became known, which told against him.在调查中新发现了一件对他不利的事实。
  • He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation.他根据自己的调查研究作出结论。



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